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Logging on to the server

The first thing you gotta do is to login to the linux box; My personal favorite is puTTy You can download it here:

Choose the PuTTy.exe for Windows

Maintenance and Troubleshootings

This are just some basic checking to make sure that pervasive service is running on the server

To check if pervasive service s running use this command:

/etc/init.d/psql status

To start pervasive service run this command:

/etc/init.d/psql start

To restart pervasive service run this command: (make sure everyone is out)

/etc/init.d/psql restart

Running pervasive monitor on Linux Servers

Linux cli servers doesn't run Pervasive Monitor

You must be signed in to a workstation (Windows Based or Linux GUI)

Run pervasive monitor like you normally would:

Connect to the server and login as this: By default;

Type in the hostname or IP of the linux server

username: admin

no password required, And thats it!

Transfer from Linux Servers to Windows

Transfer file from remote to local pc In this example, transfer all files (/var/www/html) from remote server called server1 to local directory called /backup:

scp -r user@server1:/var/www/html/ /backup

Transfer file with SCP from remote to other remote server In the following example, transfer all files (/var/www/html) from remote server called server1 to another server called server2:

scp -r user@server1:/var/www/html/ user@server2:/var/www/html/

Common server checking

To check if what Linux OS the server is running (either 32bit or 64bit) type in this command

uname -m

This would give you either: i386 (old school protocol for 32-Bit), i686 (is modern 32-bit OS that includes extensions and performance-enhancements for most Pentium-class CPUs and AMD processors) or x86_64 (This would be a 64-Bit)

To check what is the current version thats running:

cat /etc/redhat-release


cat /etc/*release*

(Both works fine)

To check what's running on the server


Check disk space


Detailed disk space

df -a

View users as list:

cat /etc/group | cut -d":" -f1

To have all the details of the users:

cat /etc/passwd

To see only who is currently on at a given moment:


To get only the usernames of people using the system

ls /home/

You can use the following command to just return users who have a home directory under /home (useful if you are not interested in “special” users):

cat /etc/passwd | grep /home | cut -d: -f1
how_tos_linux_servers.txt · Last modified: 2011/10/27 13:16 by ihernandez